DataKind's Founder & Executive Director, Jake Porway, and Cathy O'Neil recently caught-up in New York City for a chat. Here's some of what they spoke about..
A little about Cathy...
- Mom, mathematician, data nerd, blogger (mathbabe.org), writer and self-proclaimed loud mouth.
- Author of the critically acclaimed 2017 text, Weapons of Math Destruction.
- Former Director of the Ledes Program in Data Practices at Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism, Tow Center.
- Hopes to someday have a better answer to the question, "what can a non-academic mathematician do that makes the world a better place?
Jake: What’s the “WHAT IF?” that inspires the work you do?
Cathy: I was inspired to write Weapons of Math Destructionbecause I was seeing an insidious pattern of careless and destructive algorithmic design that I thought would go unnoticed until it had done extensive damage. What if we didn't get the word out to people and let them know we need to change tack?
Jake: AI - lots of hope or lots of hype?
Cathy: Both! AI has been able to do a lot in narrow ways like winning at chess and Go. In bigger, more complicated social settings, AI has quite possibly done more harm than good, at least when the consequences of getting things wrong are real human suffering.
Jake: What’s the best example you’ve seen (or hope to see) of data science being used for social good?
Cathy: I liked the idea of helping people look up their food stamp card balances. That's not really AI but at least it's aimed at helping the vulnerable rather than exploiting them.
Jake: What are you most excited about right now?
Cathy: The idea that someday we might have our anti-discrimination laws enforced in algorithmic contexts. So far we don't. Secondarily, I'm always happy when algorithmic harm comes to public light, because it's a moment when we can start learning skepticism and make demands for scientific evidence that a given automated system is legal and does not cause negative externalities.